Lockout means to prevent someone from operating the isolated power source or equipment in a locked way until the maintenance is completed and the lock is removed.
Tagout refers to the use of tags to warn others that isolated power sources or equipment cannot be operated casually.
There are many more: such as all kinds of valves, switch breakers, knife switches, power plugs, fuses...
About 10% of all industrial accidents are caused by improper control of dangerous power sources.
According to OSHA data in the United States, there are about 250000 accidents related to this every year, of which 50000 are injured and more than 100 are fatal.
·Research shows that the power source control plan can reduce the casualty rate by 25-50%!
·OSHA is currently counting violations of lockout/tag-out regulations
OSHA is stepping up its investigation and statistical work in view of the serious risks posed by hazardous power sources to employees. In fact, lockout / tagout standards have become the most frequently adopted OSHA regulations by manufacturers. OSHA fines can range from hundreds of dollars to hundreds of thousands of dollars.